6 changes brought by IoT 2.0
Despite its wide use in certain industries, IoT still remains fairly unknown to the general public. Most devices now are used to make everyday activities “easier” or “more smart”. But at this point, truth be told, those activities could be done perfectly fine without a device being involved.
This lack of wide use or misunderstandings connected with IoT can be attributed to the initial phase of development that IoT currently is in. Every new technology usually has a difficult start and a lot of rough edges that need to be smoothed.
That is why it comes as a surprise that some of the biggest names in the industry are talking about IoT 2.0.
But can we have IoT 2.0 if we still haven’t gotten used to IoT 1.0?
Apparently, the answer is yes. And this IoT 2.0 will be marked by certain changes and improvements.
1. Interoperability and Standardization
One of the key characteristics of the IoT 2.0 will be common standards. This will additionally be enforced by a rapid adoption of more open ecosystems and software. This open software expansion will in turn lead to a next change important for IoT 2.0 and that is the lack for custom hardware.
2. Explosion of low-cost IoT devices
With the ever-growing computing power coupled with the conveniently ever-lower hardware requirements the development of custom hardware for companies will become unnecessary as all the features needed will become fully software-defined.
3. The rise of cognitive apps
With the exponential increase in the number or IoT devices IoT platform architecture will need to evolve from the current hub-and-spoke model towards a more distributed peer-to-peer model. These devices will also be given greater autonomy, which will inevitably lead to greater cognitive, adaptive, and predictive capabilities putting the power of IoT in the hands of the end users.
4. Changes in IoT Security
Unfortunately, an increased number of devices inevitably leads to an increased number of threats and exploits. That is why IoT security will need to be addressed at the device OS level with industry needing to adopt a more standardized approach to the IoT OS it uses, centralized and digitally-signed software updates.
5. Authentication and identity
A very important aspect of security is naturally devices access and user identification. Static user IDs, pass-phrases and passwords have proven itself to be ineffective and IoT 2.0 will use data such as geolocation, device fingerprinting, and time of day login patterns to authorize access.
6. New (better) Networking Future
Similar to 4G network’s inability to support the demands of data-intensive application, 5G alone will not change things drastically. In order to deal with the increasing number of devices and requests stemming from IoT 2.0 a highly managed mixture of technologies including 5G, wired and wireless using SDN will be needed.